Iowa Fish Atlas

Northern brook lamprey-Ichthyomyzon fossor

Native: Yes

State Rank: S?

ITIS Code: 159726

National Rank:  N4

Global Rank: G4

Modeled By: Anna Loan-Wilsey

State Range:

The northern brook lamprey were only recently found in Iowa with the first documented collections from Coffins Creek, a tributary of the Maquoketa River, in 1998 (Gelwicks, et al. 2002; Manchester Fish Management 2002).  The distribution of this species was previous known to include Wisconsin, Minnesota and Missouri.  The northern brook lamprey has probably always inhabited Iowa’s waters and gone unidentified due to lack of proper sampling equipment (IowaDNR 2004).

Habitat Affinities:

The northern brook lamprey has been taken in small brooks and large rivers but prefers clear, permanent flowing streams of medium size (Becker 1983) and requires clean sand-gravel riffles for spawning (Pflieger 1997; Smith 1979; Trautman 1981). It usually occurs in waters with moderately warm temperatures (Becker 1983).  Developing larvae need low gradient, permanent waters with bars and beds of mixed sand, silt and organic debris (Pflieger 1997; Trautman 1981).

Predictive Model(s):

 

Statewide Model: (by habitat variables from literature)

The distribution is based upon existing collection records and habitat affinity.

("FLOW" = 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" = 3)

Overall Prediction:

("FLOW" = 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" = 3)

Literature Cited:

Becker, G.C.  1983.  Fishes of Wisconsin.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

Gelwicks, G., J. Heitke, and G. Simmons.  2002.  Contemporary fish survey.  Iowa

Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

IowaDNR.  2004.  Iowa fish and fishing: Northern brook lamprey.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa. http://www.iowadnr.com/fish/iafish/ nbrookla.html  (October, 2004)

Manchester Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

Pflieger, W.L.  1997.  The fishes of Missouri.  Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, Missouri.  372 pp.

Smith, P.W.  1979.  The fishes of Illinois.  University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.  314 pp.

Trautman, M.B.  1981.  The fishes of Ohio.  Revised Edition.  Ohio State University Press in collaboration with the Ohio Sea Grant Program Center for Lake Erie Area Research,  Columbus, Ohio.  782 pp.

Data Sources:

Gelwicks, G., J. Heitke, and G. Simmons.  2002.  Contemporary fish survey.  Iowa

Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

Manchester Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

Additional References:

Burr, B. M., and M.L. Warren, Jr.  1986.  A distributional atlas of Kentucky fishes.  Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Scientific and Technical Series No. 4., Frankfort, Kentucky.  398 pp.

Clay, W.M.  1975.  The fishes of Kentucky.  Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, Kentucky.  416 pp.

Dendy, J.S., and D.C. Scott.  1953.  Distribution, life history, and morphological variations of the southern brook lamprey, Ichthyomyzon gagei.  Copeia 1953(3):152-162.

Douglas, N.H.  1974.  Freshwater fishes of Louisiana.  Claitor’s Publishing Division, Sponsored by Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.  443 pp.

Etnier, D.A., and W.E. Starnes.  1993.  The fishes of Tennessee.  University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.  681 pp.

Hardisty, M.W., and I.C. Potter, eds.  1971.  The biology of lampreys.  Academic Press, London and New York. 65 pp.

Kelly, G., editor.  1986.  Animal habitat relations handbook.  Missouri Department of Conservation and U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Jefferson City, Missouri.  293 pp.

Lanteigne, J.  1992.  Status of the northern brook lamprey, Icthyomyzon fossor, in Canada.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 106:7-13.

Leach, W. J.  1940.  Occurrences and life history of the northern brook lamprey, Ichthyomyzon fossor, in Indiana. Copeia (1): 21-34.

Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr.  1991.  A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico.  Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

Pflieger, W.L.  1971.  A distributional study of Missouri fishes.  University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History  20(3):225-570.

Pflieger, W.L.  1989a.  Aquatic community classification system for Missouri.  Missouri Department of Conservation.  Jefferson City, Missouri.  Aquatic Series No. 19. 70 pp. plus Supplement.

Pflieger, W.L.  1989b.  The stream resources of Missouri.  D-J Project - F-1-R-28.  Study S-20.  Missouri Department of Conservation, Columbia, Missouri.  

Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill.  1982.  Fishes of the Minnesota region.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.  248 pp.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott.  1991.  Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada.  American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20, Bethesda, Maryland. 183 pp.

Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1988.  Fishes of Arkansas.  University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas.  536 pp.

Scott, W.B., and E. J. Crossman.  1973.  Freshwater fishes of Canada.  Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin No. 184, Ottawa, Canada.  966 pp.

Thom, R.H., and J.H. Wilson.  1980.  The natural divisions of Missouri.  Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science  14:9-24.

Wilson, F.W.  1955.  Lampreys in the Lake Champlain basin.  American Midland Naturalist 54(1): 168-172.

Photo Credits:

Upper Left:       Photo courtesy of Konrad P. Schmidt, copyright Konrad P. Schmidt.

Upper Right:     Photo courtesy of the Missouri Department of Conservation, Missouri Fish and Wildlife Information System, http://www.conservation.state.mo.us.