Iowa Fish Atlas

Southern redbelly dace-Chrosomus erythrogaster Rafinesque

Native: Yes

State Rank: S4

ITIS Code: 163593          

National Rank: N5           

Global Rank: G5

Modeled By: Anna Loan-Wilsey

State Range:

The southern redbelly dace is found throughout the Eastern Broadleaf Aquatic Subregion in northeast Iowa.  It is sporadically found in the Central Plains Aquatic Subregion, with the greatest number of populations in the Little Sioux and North Raccoon river watersheds.  This minnow is common to abundant in collections taken in suitable habitat (Harlan et al. 1987).

Habitat Affinities:

The southern redbelly dace is most common in permanent brooks, headwaters, and small clear streams that are fed by springs (Cross and Collins 1995; Etnier and Starnes 1993; Harlan et al. 1987; Phillips et. al. 1982; Robison and Buchanan 1988; Trautman 1981). The microhabitat of the southern redbelly dace is clear, cool and quiet pools with gravel substrates, or swifter areas near cut banks overhung by vegetation. It is often found in association with submerged aquatic vegetation, such as watercress (Nasturium), but vegetation is not essential (Cross and Collins 1995; Etnier and Starnes 1993; Harlan et al. 1987; Pflieger 1997; Phillips et. al. 1982; Robison and Buchanan 1988; Trautman 1957).   Clay (1975) reports that the southern redbelly dace does not tolerate pollution, and in Minnesota, it was observed migrating downstream towards large streams and rivers at the onset of winter (Phillips et. al. 1982).

Predictive Model(s):

Statewide Model: by 8-digit HU [Decision Tree Analysis n=300]

The distribution is based upon existing collection records.

(("GRADSEGR" <= 1 AND "TEMP_CODE" <= 1) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" <= 1) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" > 1 AND

"SUBREGION_" > 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" <= 2) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" > 1 AND

"SUBREGION_" > 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" > 2 AND "GRADRCHR" > 4) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 2 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 3) AND "SUBREGION_" > 1 AND

"DSIZE_CODE" <= 2 AND "SOIL_TEXT" <= 6) OR

( ("GRADSEGR" > 3 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 4) AND "SUBREGION_" > 1) OR

( "GRADSEGR" > 4 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 7) OR

( "GRADSEGR" > 8 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 9))

Mississippi River Model:

The distribution is based upon existing collection records and professional review.

("pool" = 'S11' OR "pool" = 'S13')

Overall Prediction:

(("GRADSEGR" <= 1 AND "TEMP_CODE" <= 1) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" <= 1) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" > 1 AND

"SUBREGION_" > 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" <= 2) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 1 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 2) AND "TEMP_CODE" > 1 AND

"SUBREGION_" > 1 AND "SSIZE_CODE" > 2 AND "GRADRCHR" > 4) OR

(( "GRADSEGR" > 2 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 3) AND "SUBREGION_" > 1 AND

"DSIZE_CODE" <= 2 AND "SOIL_TEXT" <= 6) OR

( ("GRADSEGR" > 3 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 4) AND "SUBREGION_" > 1) OR

( "GRADSEGR" > 4 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 7) OR

( "GRADSEGR" > 8 AND "GRADSEGR" <= 9))

 OR ("pool" = 'S11' OR "pool" = 'S13')

Literature Cited:

Clay, W.M.  1975.  The fishes of Kentucky.  Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources, Frankfort, Kentucky.  416 pp.

Cross, F.B., and J.T. Collins.  1995.  Fishes in Kansas.  University of Kansas Natural History Museum, Public Education Series No. 14, Lawrence, Kansas.   315 pp.

Etnier, D.A., and W.E. Starnes.  1993.  The fishes of Tennessee.  University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, Tennessee.  681 pp.

Harlan, J.R., E.B. Speaker, and J. Mayhew.  1987.  Iowa fish and fishing. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa. 323pp.

Pflieger, W.L.  1997.  The fishes of Missouri.  Missouri Department of Conservation, Jefferson City, Missouri.  372 pp.

Phillips, G.L., W.D. Schmid, and J.C. Underhill.  1982.  Fishes of the Minnesota region.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.  248 pp.

Robison, H.W., and T.M. Buchanan. 1988.  Fishes of Arkansas.  University of Arkansas Press, Fayetteville, Arkansas.  536 pp.

Trautman, M.B.  1981.  The fishes of Ohio.  Revised Edition.  Ohio State University Press in collaboration with the Ohio Sea Grant Program Center for Lake Erie Area Research,  Columbus, Ohio.  782 pp.

Data Sources:

Ackerman, G.L.  1964.  Yellow River survey.  Unpublished report.  Iowa Conservation

Commission, Des Moines, Iowa.

Bernstein, N.P.  2003.  Personal communications and unpublished reports.  Mount Mercy

College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Bovbjerg, R.V., N.L. Pearsall, and M.L. Brackin.  1970.  A preliminary faunal study of

the upper Little Sioux River.  Iowa Academy of Science 77:177-184.

Brandt, M. J.  1985.  Dry Run Creek, a prairie stream, sixty-eight years later. Master's

thesis.  University of  Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa.

Call, R.E.  1890.  The fishes of the Des Moines basin.  Iowa Academy of Sciences 1 pt.2

(1890, 1891):43-56.

Clear Lake Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northwest

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Clear Lake, Iowa.

Coon, T.G.  1980.  Fish sampling data sheets. University of Missouri-Columbia,

Columbia, Missouri.

Decorah Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Decorah, Iowa.

Dowell, V.  1981.  Collections in Cedar River Basin, 1956-1981.  University of Northern

Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa.

Eckblad, J.W.  1979.  A natural resource inventory of the aquatic habitats of the Volga

River recreation area with pre-impoundment predictions for the new lake.  Contract 8152. Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa.

Gelwicks, G., J. Heitke, and G. Simmons.  2002.  Contemporary fish survey.  Iowa

Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

Goellner, K.E.  1976.  Field Notes: 1949-1976.  Coe College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Gritters, S.A.  1997.  Evaluation of water quality, fish and macroinvertebrates in Rock

Creek.  Fish Management Investigations 1997 Annual Report.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Guttenberg Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Guttenberg, Iowa.

Helms, D.R.  2000.  Fish and mussel surveys for the Hwy 1 corridor between Iowa City

and Mt. Vernon, Iowa.  Jacobs & Associates, Ames, Iowa.

Helms, D.R.  2000.  Fish and mussel surveys for the US Hwy 30 Mount Vernon bypass.

Jacobs & Associates, Ames, Iowa.

Huggins, D.,  B.W. Menzel,  D. Van Schmus, M. Lary, S.H. Wang, Lian, K. Higgins, D.

Bandi, and A. Cordry.  1996.  Assessment of the effects of nonpoint source pollution on the biotic integrity of Walnut Creek.  Kansas Biological Survey Report 73.  Central Plains Center for BioAssessment at the Kansas Biological Survey, Lawrence, Kansas.

Iowa Conservation Commission and Iowa Department of Natural Resources.  2002. 

Miscellaneous field notes from fish surveys, 1942, 1961, 1964, 1991.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Iowa State University.  2002.  Miscellaneous field notes from fish surveys conducted by

faculty and students, 1972 and 1980.  Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

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State University, Ames, Iowa.

Lake Darling Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Southeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Brighton, Iowa.  

Lake MacBride Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports. 

Southeast Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Solon, Iowa.

Long Term Resource Monitoring Program.  2002.   Pool 13 database, 1990-2001.  Upper

Midwest Environmental Science Center, Bellevue, Iowa.

Lyon, D.  2002.  Personal communication.  Retired biology professor, Cornell College,

Mount Vernon, Iowa.

Manchester Fish Management.  2002.  Field notes and unpublished reports.  Northeast

Management District, Fisheries Bureau, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Manchester, Iowa.

Meek, S.E.  1892.  Report upon the fishes of Iowa, based upon observations and

collections mad during 1889, 1890, 1891.  Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 10(1890):217-248.

Menzel, B.W.  1983.  Field notes: northeast.  Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Menzel, B.W.  1983.  Field notes: western and southern.  Iowa State University, Ames,

Iowa.

Menzel, B.W.  1984.  Field notes: Iowa-Cedar.  Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Menzel, B.W.  1998.  Field notes: Topeka shiner survey.  Iowa State University, Ames,

Iowa.

Menzel, B.W.  1999.  Field notes: Topeka shiner survey, 1999 in-channel collections. 

Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Menzel, B.W., J.B. Barnum, and L.M. Antosch.  1984.  Ecological alterations of Iowa

prairie-agricultural streams.  Iowa State Journal of Research  59(1):5-30.

Menzel, B.W., and M.S. Boyce.  1973.  First record of the pearl dace, Semotilus

margarita (COPE), from Iowa.  Iowa State Journal of Research 47(4):245-248.

Middendorf, R. and R. Gent.  1981.  Fishery inventory of southeast Iowa tributary

streams.  Project 81-III-C-14.  Job Completion Reports.  Iowa Conservation Commission, Des Moines, Iowa.

Miller, L.R., and D.J. Herrig.  1988.  Western Iowa rivers basin study- a comparison of

fish communities.  Unpublished report.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Mount Mercy College Museum.  2002.  Vertebrate collection database report.  Mount

Mercy College, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.

Museum of Natural History.  2002.  Freshwater fish collection.  Division of Zoology,

University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, Louisiana.

Museum of Zoology.  2002.  Division of Fishes collection database.  University of

Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. http://www.ummz.lsa.umich.edu/. (May, 2002)

Nord, R.C.  1967.  A compendium of fishery information on the Upper Mississippi River.

Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee, Rock Island, Illinois.

Palic, D., R. Grajeda, L. Helland, B. Pedersen, J. Pribil, A.K. Loan-Wilsey, and C.L.

Pierce.  2003.  Fish communities of the Upper Little Sioux River Basin: current status and historical trends. Unpublished report.  Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.

Paragamian, V.L.  1990.  Fish populations of Iowa rivers and streams.  Technical Bulletin

No. 3.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Phillips, G.S.  1989.  1989 foray: fisheries survey. Environmental Studies Laboratory,

Iowa Lakes Community College, Estherville, Iowa.

UMRCC.  1953.  Revised species list- northern section of the river.  Pages 19-32 in

Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Meeting, Upper Mississippi River Conservation Committee, Rock Island, Illinois.

University of Iowa Hygienic Laboratory.  1988.  A survey of the benthic

macroinvertebrates and fishes of the Big Spring Basin, Iowa.  Report 88-9.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Wilton, T., K. Krier, and J. Mootz.  2003.  Stream Biological Assessment Database.

Environmental Services Division, Water Quality Bureau, TMDL and Water Quality Assessment Section, Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Wunder, G., and S. Bishop.  1993.  Sny Magill Creek Fishery Assessment.  Fish

Management Investigations 1993 Annual Report.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Wunder, G., and S.A. Gritters.  1994.  Sny Magill Creek Fishery Assessment.  Fish

Management Investigations 1994 Annual Report.  Iowa Department of Natural Resources, Des Moines, Iowa.

Additional References:

Becker, G.C.  1983.  Fishes of Wisconsin.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 1052 pp.

Cross, F.B.  1967.  Handbook of fishes of Kansas.  University of Kansas Museum of Natural History Miscellaneous Publication  No. 45, Lawrence, Kansas.  357 pp.

Douglas, N.H.  1974.  Freshwater fishes of Louisiana.  Claitor’s Publishing Division, Sponsored by Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries Commission, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.  443 pp.

Eddy, S., and J.C. Underhill.  1974.  Northern fishes; with special reference to the upper Mississippi Valley.  University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota.  414 pp.

Felley, J.D., and L.G. Hill.  1983.  Multivariate assessment of environmental preferences of cyprinid fishes of the Illinois River, Oklahoma.  American Midland Naturalist  109:209-221.

Forbes, S.A.  1883.  The food of the smaller fresh-water fishes.  Bulletin of the Illinois State College of Natural History 6:65-94.

Gelwick, F.P.  1990.   Longitudinal and temporal comparisons of riffle and pool fish assemblages in a northeastern Oklahoma Ozark stream.  Copeia 1990:1072-1082.

Grady, J.M., and R.C. Cashner. 1988.  Evidence of extensive intergeneric hybridization among the cyprinid fauna of Clark Creek, Wilkinson Co., Mississippi.  Southwestern Naturalist 33:137-146.

Kelly, G., editor.  1986.  Animal habitat relations handbook.  Missouri Department of Conservation and U.S.D.A. Forest Service, Jefferson City, Missouri.  293 pp.

Lee, D.S., C.R. Gilbert, C.H. Hocutt, R.E. Jenkins, D.E. McAllister, and J.R. Stauffer, Jr.  1980.  Atlas of North American freshwater fishes.  North Carolina State Museum of Natural History, Raleigh, North Carolina.  867 pp.

Page, L.M., and B.M. Burr.  1991.  A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico.  Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 432 pp.

Pflieger, W.L.  1971.  A distributional study of Missouri fishes.  University of Kansas Publications, Museum of Natural History  20(3):225-570.

Pflieger, W.L.  1989a.  Aquatic community classification system for Missouri.  Missouri Department of Conservation.  Jefferson City, Missouri.  Aquatic Series No. 19. 70 pp. plus Supplement.

Pflieger, W.L.  1989b.  The stream resources of Missouri.  D-J Project - F-1-R-28.  Study S-20.  Missouri Department of Conservation, Columbia, Missouri.  

Phillips, G.L.  1969.  Diet of the minnow, Chrosomus erythrogaster (Cyprinidae), in a Minnesota stream.  American Midland Naturalist 82(1):99-109.

Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea, and W.B. Scott.  1991.  Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada.  American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 20, Bethesda, Maryland. 183 pp.

Settles, W.H., and R.D. Hoyt.  1978.  The reproductive biology of the southern redbelly dace, Chrosomus erythrogaster Rafinesque, in a spring-fed stream in Kentucky.  American Midland Naturalist 99(2):290-298.

Smale, M.A., and C. F. Rabeni.  1995.  Hypoxia and hyperthermia tolerances of headwater stream fishes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society  124:698-710.

Smith, B.G.  1908.  The spawning habits of Chrosomus erythrogaster (Rafinesque).  The Biological Bulletin 15:9-18.

Smith, P.W.  1979.  The fishes of Illinois.  University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Illinois.  314 pp.

Sublette, J.E., M.D Hatch, and M. Sublette.  1990.  The fishes of New Mexico.  University New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico.  393 pp.

Thom, R.H., and J.H. Wilson.  1980.  The natural divisions of Missouri.  Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Science  14:9-24.

Photo Credits:

Upper Left:       Photo courtesy of Konrad P. Schmidt, copyright Konrad P. Schmidt.

Upper Right:     Photo courtesy of the Native Fish Conservancy, http://www.nativefish.org.